Farm Structure Survey


Central Statistics Office (CSO)

Key information

The number of farms, farm size (AAU), type of farm, economic size (SO), areas farmed, grassland, principal crops, principal livestock categories, livestock size units (LSU), characteristics of the farm holder (gender, age, AWU, significance of farmwork), farm work force, labour input, land rented, woodland and gainful non-agricultural activity on the farm. The statistics are classified by region.


The CSO Farm Structure Survey.


Farms where the agricultural area used for farming was at least one hectare. In addition, farms with less than one hectare were included if they were engaged in intensive production (e.g. of pigs or poultry).


Every 3 years

Reference period

June of the survey year

Start date



About one and a half years after the reference date


  • Farm size (AAU)
    Less than 10 hectares; 10-20; 20-30; 30-50; 50-100; 100+ hectares.
  • Farm type
    Specialist tillage; Specialist dairying; Specialist beef production; Specialist sheep; Mixed grazing livestock; Mixed crops and livestock; Other.
  • Farm economic size (Standard Output (SO))
    Less than 4,000; 4,000-8,000; 8,000-15,000; 15,000-25,000; 25,000-50,000; 50,000-100,000; Over 100,000.
  • Region (NUTS2, modified NUTS3)
    Border, Midland and Western (Border; Midland; West); Southern and Eastern (Mid-East and Dublin combined; Mid-West; South-East; South-West).
  • Farm holder's age
    Less than 35 years; 35-44; 45-54; 55-64; 65+ years
  • Farm holder's annual work units
    Less than 0.25 units; 0.25-0.50; 0.50-0.75; 0.75-1.00; 1.00 unit.
  • Farmwork significance
    Sole occupation; Major occupation; Subsidiary occupation.
  • Crops
    Grass silage (1st to 4th year's grass silage; Permanent grass silage); Hay (1st to 4th year's hay; Permanent meadow); Pasture (Rotation under 5 years; Permanent pasture); Wheat (Winter; Spring); Oats (Winter; Spring); Barley (Winter; Spring); Other cereals; Beans and peas; Oilseed rape; Arable silage; Maize silage; Fodder rape and kale; Potatoes; Turnips; Beet; Vegetables for sale; Fruit for sale (Apples; Other fruit); Nurseries, horticulture etc; Fallow land and Environmental Schemes; Other crops.
  • Livestock
    Cattle kept for breeding purposes (Bulls; Cows (Dairy; Other); Other cattle (Less than 3 years; 2-3; 1-2; Under 1 year); Sheep kept for breeding purposes (Rams; Ewes (2 years and over; Under 2 years)); Other sheep (Under 1 year; 1 year and over); Goats; Pigs kept for breeding purposes (Boars; Female breeding pigs); Other pigs classified by liveweight (20 kg and over; Under 20 kg); Ordinary fowl (Laying stock; Table birds; Breeding birds); Other poultry.


Business Sectors - Agriculture and Fishing

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