Farm Structure Survey


Central Statistics Office (CSO)

Key information

The number of farms, type of farm, farm size (AAU), economic size (ESU), areas farmed, pasture, principal crops, principal livestock categories, size of herd, farm work force, level of training of farm managers, labour input, farm machinery, land rented, commonage, woodland and gainful non-agricultural activity on the farm, and characteristics of the holder (age, AWU, Importance of farmwork). The statistics are classified by region.


The CSO Farm Structure Survey.


Farms where the agricultural area used for farming was at least one hectare. In addition, farms with less than one hectare were included if they were engaged in intensive production (e.g. of pigs or poultry).


Every 2 years

Reference period

June of the survey year

Start date



About one and a half years after the reference date


  • Farm size (AAU)
    Less than 5 hectares; 5-10; 10-20; 20-30; 30-50; 50-100; 100+ hectares.
  • Farm economic size
    Less than 2 ESU (European size unit) ; 2-4; 4-8; 8-16; 16-40; 40-80; 80+ ESU.
  • Farm type
    Specialist tillage; Specialist dairying; Specialist beef production; Specialist sheep; Mixed grazing livestock; Mixed crops and livestock; Other.
  • Region (NUTS2, modified NUTS3)
    Border, Midland and Western (Border; Midland; West); Southern and Eastern (Mid-East and Dublin combined; Mid-West; South-East; South-West).
  • Farm holder's age
    Less than 35 years; 35-44; 45-54; 55-64; 65+ years
  • Farm holder's annual work units
    Less than 0.25 units; 0.25-0.50; 0.50-0.75; 0.75-1.00; 1.00 unit.
  • Farmwork importance
    Sole occupation; Major occupation; Subsidiary occupation, Not engaged in farmwork.
  • Crops
    Wheat (Winter; Spring); Oats (Winter; Spring); Barley (Winter; Spring); Other cereals; Beans and peas; Oilseed rape; Arable silage; Maize silage; Fodder rape and kale; Potatoes; Turnips; Sugar beet; Fodder beet; Vegetables for sale; Fruit for sale (Apples; Other fruit); Nurseries, horticulture etc; Fallow land; Other crops; Grass silage (1st to 4th year's grass silage; Permanent grass silage); Hay (1st to 4th year's hay; Permanent meadow); Pasture (Rotation under 5 years; Permanent pasture); Rough grazing.
  • Livestock
    Cattle kept for breeding purposes (Bulls; Cows (Dairy; Other); Heifers in calf (Dairy; Other)); Other cattle (Less than 3 years; 2-3; 1-2; Under 1 year); Farmed deer; Goats; Sheep kept for breeding purposes (Rams; Ewes (2 years and over; Under 2 years)); Other sheep (Under 1 year; 1 year and over); Pigs kept for breeding purposes (Boars; Female breeding pigs); Other pigs classified by liveweight (20 kg and over; Under 20 kg); Thoroughbred horses and ponies (Brood mares; Other); Other horses and ponies (Brood mares; Other); Mules, jennets and asses; Ordinary fowl (Laying stock; Table birds; Breeding birds); Other poultry.
  • Training level
    Full-time 3rd level qualification; Certificate in farming or farm apprenticeship; Other formal course of at least 60 hours; Other courses; Practical experience only.


Business Sectors - Agriculture and Fishing

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